Home Guide What is PTSD?

What is PTSD?


People who have encountered or witnessed a traumatic incident such as a natural disaster, a catastrophic accident, a terrorist attack, war/combat, or rape, or who have been threatened with death, sexual violence, or serious injury, may develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

PTSD can affect everyone, regardless of ethnicity, nationality, or culture, and at any age. PTSD affects about 3.5 percent of adults in the United States each year, and one in every 11 people will be diagnosed with it at some point in their lives.

It’s crucial to get treatment as soon as PTSD symptoms appear in order to lessen symptoms and enhance function.

What are the PTSD symptom?

People with PTSD have powerful, unsettling thoughts and sensations about the traumatic incident that continue long after it has occurred. They may have flashbacks or dreams about the experience, and they may feel sad, fearful, or angry, as well as detached or estranged from others. Persons with PTSD may avoid circumstances or people that remind them of the traumatic experience, and they may have intense unpleasant reactions to seemingly innocuous things like loud noises or unintentional touches.

1. Intrusion

Intrusive thoughts, disturbing nightmares, or flashbacks to the traumatic incident, are examples of intrusion. People may have flashbacks that are so vivid that they believe they are reliving or experiencing the painful event

2. Avoidance

Avoiding places, activities, people, and situations that may trigger upsetting memories. It is one way to prevent reminders of the traumatic incident. People may strive to forget or avoid recalling the terrible occurrence. They are not willing to discuss what happened or how they feel about it.

3. Mood Alterations

Changes in cognition and mood: inability to recall key details of the traumatic event, negative thoughts and feelings leading to ongoing and distorted beliefs about oneself or others (e.g., “I am bad,” “No one can be trusted”); distorted thoughts about the cause or consequences of the event leading to incorrectly blaming oneself or others; ongoing fear, horror, anger, guilt, or shame; much less (a void of happiness or satisfaction).

4. Reactivity

Arousal and reactivity symptoms include being irritated and having furious outbursts, behaving recklessly or in a self-destructive manner, being extremely aware of one’s surroundings in a suspicious manner, being easily startled, and having difficulty concentrating or sleeping.


Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can affect every aspect of your life, including your career, relationships, health, and regular activities.

PTSD can raise your risk of developing other mental health issues, such as:

  • Anxiety and depression
  • Drug or alcohol abuse problems
  • Eating Disorders
  • Suicidal ideas and behaviors


Many people experience PTSD-like symptoms after surviving a terrible event, such as being unable to stop thinking about what happened. Trauma can cause feelings of fear, worry, wrath, depression, and guilt. The majority of persons who are subjected to trauma, on the other hand, do not acquire long-term post-traumatic stress disorder.

Getting aid and support as soon as possible might help avoid typical stress reactions from becoming worse and leading to PTSD. This may entail reaching out to family and friends who can listen and provide support. It could entail seeing a mental health expert for a short period of therapy. Some people may find it beneficial to seek help from their faith community.


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